Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2016 Feb;149(2):217-24. doi: 10.1016/j.ajodo.2015.07.037.
Bone density effects on the success rate of orthodontic microimplants evaluated with cone-beam computed tomography
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of bone densities on the success rate of orthodontic microimplants with cone-beam computed tomography images. Methods: We examined 127 orthodontic microimplants implanted into the maxillary buccal alveolar bone of 71 patients (53 female, 18 male; mean age, 19.2 years) with malocclusion. The cortical, cancellous, and total bone densities were measured with Simplant Pro 2011 software (version 13; Materialise, Leuven, Belgium), and the correlations between these measurements and the orthodontic microimplant success rates were evaluated with cone-beam computed tomography. Results: The overall success rate was 85.0% (108 of 127). Sex, age, and side of placement were not significant factors for success in the results (P .0.05). The density of the cortical bone increased apically (3, 5, and 7 mm) from the alveolar crest, but in the cancellous bone it decreased. Whereas the orthodontic microimplant success rates significantly increased as cancellous bone density and total bone density increased (P \0.01), cortical bone density did not have a significant effect on the success rate (P .0.05). Conclusions: The success rate of orthodontic microimplants significantly increased with higher cancellous and total bone densities, whereas cortical bone density did not have a significant effect. (Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 2016;149:217-24)