Comparative evaluation of salivary bisphenol A levels in patients wearing vacuum-formed and Hawley retainers: An in-vivo study
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 2017;151:471-6
The aims of the study were to evaluate and compare the bisphenol A (BPA) levels in saliva in patients using vacuum-formed retainers or Hawley retainers. Methods: Forty-five patients who had completed their fixed orthodontic treatment and were entering the retention phase were randomly allocated into 1 of 3 groups: vacuum-formed retainer, Hawley retainer fabricated by heat cure, and Hawley retainer fabricated by chemical cure. Saliva samples were collected immediately before placement, within 1 hour after placement, 1 week and 1 month after placement. Statistical analyses were performed by using 2-way analysis of variance and post-hoc multiple-comparisons Tukey HSD tests. Results: Statistically significant BPA levels in saliva were found for all groups (P #0.05). The highest levels were noted in the vacuum-formed retainer group, followed by Hawley retainers fabricated by chemical cure; the lowest levels were found with Hawley retainers fabricated by heat cure. Conclusions: With many options available for removable retainers, clinicians should consider the BPA release from these retainers; a Hawley retainer fabricated by heat cure is a favorable choice.