Comparison of Skeletal and Dental Reference Planes with the Hamulus-Incisive-Papilla Plane: A Pilot Study on 3D Reconstructed Tomographies of the Skull

S everal methods have been described for transferring the three-dimensional [3D} position of a patient’s maxilla to an articulator. Since most patients present facial asymmetries, the position of the maxillary dental cast in the articulator may not represent the true clinical situation of the patient when a face bow transfer is employed.1 Another reference plane that may be readily and widely employed is the hamulus-incisive-papilla (FIIP] plane. While still unreported, this skeletal reference plane and central craniofacial structure offer a solution for more accurate plaster cast trimming and articulator mounting procedures.2’3

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