Effects of a Single-Dose of Pre-Emptive Pregabalin on Postoperative Pain and Opioid Consumption After Double-Jaw Surgery: A Randomized Controlled Trial.
Purpose: The effect of a single-dose of pre-emptive pregabalin is still unknown, although it is used as an adjuvant in controlling acute postoperative pain. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of pre-emptive single-dose pregabalin on postoperative acute pain and 24-hour opioid consumption in patients who underwent double-jaw surgery. Patients and Methods: Forty patients (18 to 45 yr old; American Society of Anesthesiologists status I to II) for whom elective double-jaw surgery was planned under general anesthesia were included in this study, which had been planned as a prospective, randomized, and double-blinded study. Patients were randomly divided into 2 groups: the pregabalin group (n = 20) was given pregabalin 150 mg orally 1 hour before general anesthesia and the placebo group (n = 20) was given an oral placebo capsule. The groups were administered the routine general anesthesia protocol. Postoperative analgesia was performed intravenously in the 2 groups twice a day with dexketoprofen trometamol 50 mg and patient-controlled analgesia with fentanyl. Postoperative analgesia was evaluated using the visual analog scale (VAS). Fentanyl consumption, additional analgesia requirement, and side-effects were recorded during the first 24 hours after surgery. Descriptive and bivariate statistics were computed, and significance was set at a P value less than .05. Results: Compared with placebo, the VAS score was statistically lower in the pregabalin group during the early postoperative period (P < .05). The 24-hour opioid consumption was significantly higher in the placebo group compared with the pregabalin group (509.40 261.56 vs 260.10 246.53 mq, respectively; P = .004). In addition, the analgesia requirement was statistically lower in the pregabalin group (P < .05). Nausea or vomiting was observed more often in the placebo group, whereas other side-effects were similar for the 2 groups.