Efficacy of a cone beam computed tomography metal artifact reduction algorithm for the detection of peri-implant fenestrations and dehiscences

Objective. To determine whether the use of a metal artifact reduction (MAR) algorithm improves the detection of peri-implant fenestrations and dehiscences on cone beam computed tomography scans. Study Design. One hundred titanium fixtures were implanted into bovine ribs after the creation of defects simulating fenestrations and dehiscences. Images were acquired using four different protocols, namely, A2 (MAR on, voxel 0.2 mm), A3 (MAR on, voxel 0.3 mm), B2 (MAR off, voxel 0.2 mm), and B3 (MAR off, voxel 0.3 mm). For all protocols, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were determined. Values for the areas under the ROC curves (Az) were subjected to analysis of variance. Results. Az values were not statistically different among protocols regardless of the defect type (P > .05). Conclusions. The MAR algorithm tested by us did not improve the diagnosis of peri-implant fenestrations and dehiscences with use of either the 0.2 mm or the 0.3 mm voxel sizes. (Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol 2016;121:550-556)


. This study investigated the prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV)-related oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) and compared patient profiles and outcomes between HPV-positive and HPV-negative groups.

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