Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 2016;149:192-201

Evaluation of marginal alveolar bone in the anterior mandible with pretreatment and posttreatment computed tomography in nonextraction patients

Our objectives were to evaluate marginal alveolar bone height in the anterior mandible after orthodontic treatment and to assess any correlations between morphologic and treatment changes. Methods: We used 57 pretreatment and posttreatment cone-beam computed tomography images (17 male and 40 female subjects; 22 Class I, 35 Class II; average age, 18.7 6 10.8 years; average treatment time, 22.7 6 7.3 months) to measure cortical bone thickness, ridge thickness, distance from the apex to the labial cortical bone, and the distance from the cementoenamel junction to the marginal bone crest. Changes in the cementoenamel junction to the marginal bone crest distance were correlated with pretreatment measurements and treatment changes. Results: Although there were great variations, the average facial and lingual vertical bone losses were 1.16 6 2.26 and 1.33 6 2.50 mm, respectively. The incisor-mandibular plane angle changes were also highly variable, averaging 2.4. Conclusions: Orthodontic treatment causes changes in alveolar bone height and cortical bone thickness around the mandibular incisors. Although pretreatment cortical bone thickness, ridge width thickness, and specific tooth movements all play roles in what happens to the bone during treatment, incisor inclination was not correlated with alveolar bone height changes. (Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 2016;149:192-201)

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