Prevalence of periodontal diseases in a multicenter cohort of perinatally HIV-infected and HIV-exposed and uninfected youth
J Clin Periodontol 2017; 44: 2–12
Aims: To compare the prevalence and severity of periodontal diseases between 180 perinatally HIV-infected (PHIV) and 118 perinatally HIV-exposed and uninfected (PHEU) youth in a cross-sectional study conducted at 11 clinical sites in the United States and Puerto Rico from the AdolescentMaster Protocol study of the Pediatric HIV/AIDS cohort study (PHACS) network. Methods: Several analyses were conducted, employing the current CDC/AAP classification
for periodontitis and incorporating a definition of gingivitis based on a bleeding on probing (BOP) threshold, and analyses based on more detailed wholemouth, intra-oral regionally, site-based and tooth-based criteria of BOP, plaque levels, pockets depths and clinical attachment levels. Results: After adjusting for plaque control habits and behavioural and sociodemographic factors, there were no significant differences in periodontal diseases between the PHIV and PHEU youth using any of these criteria. For PHIV youth, there was no significant association between parameters of periodontal disease
and current HIV status. Conclusions: Although no significant differences in periodontal parameters were noted between the PHIV and PHEU youth, the influence of antiretroviral therapy merits further exploration in this cohort in a longitudinal study.